Filed Under (Suzuki) by admin on 26-02-2011
FUEL PUMP The electric fuel pump is mounted at the bottom of the fuel tank, which consists of the armature, magnet, impeller, brush, check valve and relief valve . The ECM controls its ON/OFF operation as controlled under the FUEL PUMP CONTROL SYSTEM . When electrical energy is supplied to the fuel pump, the motor in the pump runs and together with the impel- ler . This causes a pressure difference to occur on both sides of the impeller as there are many grooves around it . Then the fuel is drawn through the inlet port, and with its pressure increased, it is discharged through the outlet port . The fuel pump has a check valve to keep some pressure in the fuel feed hose even when the fuel pump is stopped . Also, the relief valve is equipped in the fuel pump, which releases pressurized fuel to the fuel tank when the outlet of the fuel pressure has increased up to 450 -600 kPa (4.5- 6.0 kgf/cm2,64- 85 psi) . Relief valve Brush , ∎ I,’ Check valve Magnet L Armature When the impeller is driven by the motor, pressure differential occurs between the front part and the rear part of the blade groove as viewed in angular direction due to fluid friction . This process continuously takes place causing fuel pressure to be built up . The pressurized fuel is then let out from the pump chamber and discharged through the motor section and the check valve . FUEL SYSTEM AND THROTTLE BODY 5- 3 Inlet port I I Impeller 5-4 FUEL SYSTEM AND THROTTLE BODY FUEL PRESSURE REGULATOR The fuel pressure regulator consists of the spring and valve . It keeps absolute fuel pressure of 300 kPa (3.0 kgf/cm2,43 psi) to be applied to the injector at all times . When the fuel pressure rises more than 300 kPa (3 .0 kgf/cm2, 43 psi), the fuel pushes the valve in the regulator open and excess fuel returns to the fuel tank . 90 Spring 02 Valve FUEL INJECTOR The fuel injector consists of the solenoid coil, plunger, needle valve and filter . It is an electromagnetic type injection nozzle which injects fuel in the throttle body according to the signal from the ECM. When the solenoid coil of the injector is energized by the ECM, it becomes an electromagnet and attracts the plunger. At the same time, the needle valve incorporated with the plunger opens and the injector which is under the fuel pressure injects fuel in conic dispersion . As the lift stroke of the needle valve of the injector is set constant, the volume of the fuel injected at one time is determined by the length of time during which the solenoid coil is energized (injection time)
Filed Under (Tips and Review) by admin on 19-11-2010
Throttle Body Assembly (TBA) — The throttle body assembly (also called air valve), controls the airflow to the engine through one, two or four butterfly valves and provides valve position feedback via the throttle position sensor. Rotating the throttle lever to open or close the passage into the intake manifold controls the airflow to the engine. The accelerator pedal controls the throttle lever position. Other functions of the throttle body are idle bypass air control via the idle air control valve, coolant heat for avoiding icing conditions, vacuum signals for the ancillaries and the sensors. FUEL INJECTOR — There are basically three approaches in delivering the fuel to the engine: • Above the throttle plate as in throttle body injection • In the intake port toward the intake valves as in multi-port injection or central multi-port injection. • Directly into the combustion chamber as in gasoline direct injection systems (GDI). The fuel injector is continuously supplied with pressurized fuel from the electric fuel pump. The pressure across the metering orifice of the injector is maintained constant by the fuel pressure regulator. The fuel injector is an electromagnetic valve that when driven by the ECU delivers a metered quantity of fuel into the intake manifold (or combustion chamber in the GDI system). The ECU controls the fuel flow by pulse width modulation. The time the injector is driven into an open condition is determined by the following sensor inputs: • Engine RPM • Throttle position (TPS) • Manifold absolute pressure or mass air flow • Engine coolant temperature • Oxygen sensor feedback voltage • Intake air charge temperature • Battery voltage CENTRAL POINT INJECTION SYSTEM (CPI) — Electronic fuel Injection system consisting on a single fuel injector mounted in the throttle body. DIGITAL FUEL INJECTION (DEFI OR DFI) — Electronic fuel injection system controlled by digital microprocessors as opposed to earlier systems that were of analog design. The analog input signals to the microprocessor are converted from analog to digital before being processed.
Filed Under (Harley Davidson) by admin on 28-02-2011
INSTALLATION To prevent accidental vehicle start-up, which could cause death or serious injury, remove main fuse before proceeding. (00251b) 1. Refer to the Service Manual and follow the instructions given to remove the main fuse. When servicing the fuel system, do not smoke or allow open flame or sparks in the vicinity. Gasoline is extremely flammable and highly explosive, which could result in death or serious injury. (00330a) 2. Remove the currently installed fuel tank from the vehicle. Follow the instructions for the correct model vehicle under FUEL TANK: EFI, REMOVAL in the Service Manual. 3. See FUEL PUMP/FUEL GAUGE SENDING UNIT, REMOVAL in the Service Manual for instructions to: a. Unplug the fuel pump module connector. b. Remove and discard the top plate screws. c. Remove the top plate, fuel pump and fuel level sender (fuel gauge sending unit) from the tank. NOTE Take care to avoid bending the fuel level sender float rod. A bent float rod will lead to erroneous gauge readings. 2 6 1 3 4 7 9 8 5 is05284 1. Fuel level sender 2. Electrical grounding tab 3. Fuel level sender lock tab 4. Adapter bracket 5. Slot (2) 6. Terminal strip insert 7. Sender to adapter lock tab 8. Slider 9. Adapter to tank lock tab Figure 1. Fuel Level Sender Assembly to Adapter – 4. See Figure 1. Clean the electrical grounding tab (2) on the back of the fuel level sender if necessary. The tab must make firm contact with the terminal strip insert (6) in the adapter bracket. Slide the original equipment (O.E.) fuel level sender (1) into the slots (5) in the new adapter bracket (4) as shown until the lock tabs (3 and 7) snap into place. Make sure the wire is not pinched between the adapter and sender. 5. See FUEL SUPPLY CHECK VALVE/TUBE in the Service Manual. Remove the check valve/quick-connect fitting assembly from the old fuel tank, and assemble to the new tank, using a new O-ring (purchased separately). 6. Fit the slider (8) on the adapter bracket into the fuel level sender mounting channel inside the tank, and push down until the lock tab (9) snaps into place. Make sure the sender and adapter wires are not pinched between the adapter and the fuel tank tunnel, and remain accessible through the fuel tank top opening. 7. See Figure 2. Obtain the assembly of the top plate (1), regulator (2) and fuel filter (3) removed from the old fuel tank, and the stainless steel screw (8) and nut (9) provided in this kit.
Filed Under (Harley Davidson) by admin on 30-03-2012
1. Remove seat. 1 WARNING 1 WARNING To prevent spray of fuel, purge system of high-pressure fuel before supply line is disconnected. Gasoline is extremely flammable and highly explosive, which could result in death or serious injury. (00275a) 2. Purge the fuel supply line of high pressure gasoline. a. See Figure 4-36. Disconnect the fuel pump fuse from the main wiring harness. b. Start the engine and allow the vehicle to run. c. When the engine stalls, operate the starter for 3 seconds to remove any remaining fuel from the fuel lines. 1 WARNING 1 WARNING To prevent accidental vehicle start-up, which could cause death or serious injury, disconnect negative (-) battery cable before proceeding. (00048a) 3. Disconnect negative battery cable. 4. Remove instrument console. a. All but FXSTD, see Figure 4-37. Remove acorn nut and washer on instrument console to separate console from fuel tank. b. For FXSTD, see 8.26 INSTRUMENT CONSOLE: FXSTD. 5. Disconnect console wiring. Figure 4-36. Fuel Pump Fuse: View From Top Figure 4-37. Acorn Nut And Washer: All But FXSTD s0660x8xx 7526
4-28 2007 Softail: Fuel System HOME 1 WARNING 1 WARNING Gasoline can drain from the crossover line when disconnected from fuel tank. Gasoline is extremely flammable and highly explosive, which could result in death or serious injury. Wipe up spilled fuel immediately and dispose of rags in a suitable manner. (00259a) 6. Drain fuel tank. a. Obtain a short section of hose (5/16 inch I.D.). Insert bolt in one end of hose and install hose clamp to ensure that end is securely plugged. b. See Figure 4-38. Cut clamp (1) from one end of crossover hose (2). Quickly replace crossover hose on fuel tank fitting with open end of short hose while directing flow of gasoline from free end of crossover hose into suitable container. 7. See Figure 4-39. Unplug fuel pump module connector (3) . 8. Remove top plate screws (2) and discard. 9. See Figure 4-40. Pull top plate (2) out of fuel tank enough to expose fuel hose and clamp (1). CAUTION Carefully inspect end of hose for cuts, tears, holes or other damage. Replace hose if any damage is found. Even the smallest hole can cause a reduction in fuel pressure. 10. Cut clamp and remove hose from regulator housing fit- ting.
Filed Under (Suzuki) by admin on 01-12-2010
CLOCK/FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM INDICATOR (D The indicator displays clock under normal condition. The indicator switches from the clock to the fuel injection system indicator if the fuel injection system has any failure. Clock mode The clock indicates 12-hour mode. Follow the procedure below to adjust the clock. 1. Push the button® until the display blinks. 2. Pushing the button will advance one minute at a time. Repeat pushing the button until the display reaches desired time. 3. Keeping the button pushed in will advance ten minutes at a time. Keep the button pushed until the display reaches desired time. Fine- tune the time by pushing the button repeatedly. 4. Wait 5 seconds and push the button to resume to time display. Fuel injection system indicator F I The fuel injection system indicator indicates “Fl” or “CHEC” if the fuel injection system has any trouble. The Fl indicator light (D will also come on if the fuel injection system has failure. No 1 2 3 Fuel injection system indicator Fl Fl/Clock alternately CHEC Fl indicator light Blinks Lights – Engine condition Engine does not start. Engine can start. Engine does not start. 14 If the fuel injection system indicator displays “Fl” and Fl indicator light blinks, the engine will not start due to a serious fuel injection system failure. If the system has serious failure while riding, the engine may stop. When the fuel injection system indicator displays “Fl” and clock alternately and Fl indicator light comes on, the engine can be started and a will keep running with limited engine performance. This shows that the fuel injection system has minor failure. Bring your motorcycle to an anthorized Suzuki dealer or qualified mechanic to inspect the motorcycle. Continuous operation in this condition may seriously damage the motorcycle. 3. When the fuel injection system indicator indicates “CHEC,” the engine will not start. Make sure that the engine stop switch is turned on and the transmission is in neutral position with the side stand fully up. If the indicator still indicates “CHEC,” inspect the ignition fuse next. SPEEDOMETER ® The speedometer indicates the road speed in kilometers per hour and miles per hour. RIGHT TURN SIGNAL INDICATOR LIGHT © When the right turn signals are operated, the indicator light will flash at the same time. NOTE: If the turn signal light is not operating properly due to bulb filament or circuit failure, the indicator light flickers more quickly to notify the rider of the existence of trouble